# State Curriculum: Mathematics Grade K

 Document Date: June 2004 PK–3 Acrobat 104k Ms Word 195k 3–8 Acrobat 300k Ms Word 398k View Glossary -

## Standard 1.0 Knowledge of Algebra, Patterns, and Functions

A.

### Objectives

1. Use manipulatives with numeric qualities to build patterns

### Indicator

• 2. Identify, copy, describe, create, and extend non-numeric patterns

### Objectives

1. Represent patterns kinesthetically such as: clap/snap/clap
1. Represent and analyze repeating patterns using no more than 3 objects in the core of the pattern
1. Sort a collection of objects according to a rule
1. Identify patterns in real life situations
1. Recognize the difference between patterns and non-patterns
1. Continue patterns

B.

### Indicator

• 1. Write and identify expressions

### Objectives

1. Represent numeric quantities using concrete and pictorial representations to model addition expressions with a value of no more than 10

### Indicator

• 2. Identify equations and inequalities

### Objectives

1. Represent relationships by comparing groups of no more than 10 objects to determine more or less
1. Model and name the value of the missing part in a part-part-whole situation using no more than 10 manipulatives
1. Describe addition using terms such as: and, add, plus, join, equal

C.

### Indicator

• 1. Locate points on a number line

### Objectives

1. Identify and represent whole numbers up to 10 on a number line using manipulatives, symbols, and one-to-one correspondence

## Standard 2.0 Knowledge of Geometry

A.

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize and describe the attributes of plane geometric figures

### Objectives

1. Sort and regroup everyday objects and geometric figures according to attributes such as: shape, color, size
1. Describe plane figures and their attributes such as: shape, color, size
1. Identify triangles, circles, squares, and rectangles
1. Compare, trace, and reproduce triangles, circles, squares, and rectangles

B.

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize, describe, and use the attributes of solid geometric figures

### Objectives

1. Match, sort, and regroup objects according to attributes
1. Describe solid figures
1. Identify solid geometric figures in the environment

D.

### Indicator

• 1. Recognize congruent objects

### Objectives

1. Identify everyday objects which have the same size and shape

E.

### Objectives

1. Use position words such as: over, under, above, on, next to, below, beside, behind
1. Use spatial reasoning to solve simple puzzles
1. Demonstrate slides using simple objects

### Indicator

• 2. Analyze geometric figures and pictures

### Objectives

1. Recognize the concept of symmetry using pictures

## Standard 3.0 Knowledge of Measurement

A.

### Indicator

• 1. Explore measurement units

### Objectives

1. Order, compare, and describe objects by attributes such as: length/height, weight, capacity
1. Recognize time by identifying days of the week and by using terms such as: yesterday, today, tomorrow, morning, afternoon, night, before, after
1. Compare and describe temperature such as: temperature in January as compared to temperature in July

B.

### Indicator

• 1. Measure in non-standard units

### Objectives

1. Measure length of objects and pictures of objects
1. Explore and compare the capacity of containers
1. Explore and compare weight of objects

## Standard 4.0 Knowledge of Statistics

A.

### Indicator

• 1. Collect, organize, and display data

### Objectives

1. Collect data by answering a question
1. Organize and display data to make real graphs
1. Organize and display data to make picture graphs

B.

### Indicator

• 1. Analyze data

### Objectives

1. Compare and describe data from real graphs to answer a question
1. Compare and describe data from a picture graph to answer a question

## Standard 6.0 Knowledge of Number Relationships and Computation/Arithmetic

A.

### Objectives

1. Extend concept of number
1. Construct relationships between and among quantities using language such as: more than, less than, fewer than, as many as, one more, one less
1. Demonstrate cardinality by answer of how many
1. Build meaningful relationships by using 5 and 10 frames
1. Use concrete materials to build sets 0 to 10
1. Use concrete materials to compose and decompose quantities up to 10
1. Match a numeral to a set
1. Count to 31
1. Count backward from 10
1. Use ordinal numbers to indicate position such as: first, second, third, fourth, fifth

### Indicator

• 2. Recognize fractions

### Objectives

1. Show initial awareness of fractional parts (halves) using concrete materials

### Indicator

• 3. Recognize and use money

### Objectives

1. Identify and name the value of pennies, nickels, and dimes
1. Choose the coin named from a given set of mixed coins
1. Use money in real-world situations such as a classroom store

C.

### Indicator

• 1. Analyze number relations and compute

### Objectives

1. Model addition by combining sets of concrete objects and describe the results using words and pictures
1. Model subtraction by separating sets of concrete objects and describe the results using words and pictures
1. Solve a given story problem cooperatively that is based on the combining and separating of models

## Standard 7.0 Processes of Mathematics

A.

### Indicator

• 1. Apply a variety of concepts, processes, and skills to solve problems

### Objectives

1. Identify the question in the problem
1. Decide if enough information is present to solve the problem
1. Make a plan to solve a problem
1. Apply a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
1. Select a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
1. Identify alternative ways to solve a problem
1. Show that a problem might have multiple solutions or no solution
1. Extend the solution of a problem to a new problem situation

B.

### Indicator

• 1. Justify ideas or solutions with mathematical concepts or proofs

### Objectives

1. Use inductive or deductive reasoning
1. Make or test generalizations
1. Support or refute mathematical statements or solutions
1. Use methods of proof, i.e., direct, indirect, paragraph, or contradiction

C.

### Indicator

• 1. Present mathematical ideas using words, symbols, visual displays, or technology

### Objectives

1. Use multiple representations to express concepts or solutions
1. Express mathematical ideas orally
1. Explain mathematically ideas in written form
1. Express solutions using concrete materials
1. Express solutions using pictorial, tabular, graphical, or algebraic methods
1. Explain solutions in written form
1. Give or use feedback to revise mathematical thinking

D.

### Indicator

• 1. Relate or apply mathematics within the discipline, to other disciplines, and to life

### Objectives

1. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other mathematical concepts
1. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other disciplines
1. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to life
1. Use the relationship among mathematical concepts to learn other mathematical concepts

Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004