School Improvement in Maryland
Mathematics-Instructional Strategies
LEVELS OF COGNITIVE DEMAND
 
COMPETENCE SKILLS DEMONSTRATED QUESTION CUES
Level 1
Knowledge
Comprehension
  • Make observations
  • Recall information
  • Recognize formulas, properties, processes
  • Know vocabulary, definitions
  • Know basic concepts
  • Perform one-step processes
  • Interpret facts
  • Compare or contrast simple
  • Translate from one representation
  • Identify relationships
  • Tell what…when…where
  • Find
  • List
  • Define
  • Identify; labels; name
  • Choose; select
  • Compute; estimate
  • Compare; contrast
  • Express as
  • Read from data displays
  • Order
Level 2
Application
Analysis
  • Apply learned information to abstract and real life situations
  • Use methods, concepts, theories in abstract and real life situations
  • Perform multi-step processes
  • Solve problems using required skills or knowledge (requires more than habitual response)
  • Make a decision about how to proceed
  • Identify and organize components of a whole
  • Extend patterns
  • Identify/describe cause and effect
  • Recognize unstated assumptions, make inferences
  • Apply
  • Calculate; solve
  • Complete
  • Describe
  • Explain how; demonstrate
  • Construct data displays
  • Construct; draw
  • Analyze
  • Extend
  • Connect
  • Classify
  • Arrange
Level 3
Synthesis
Evaluation
  • Solve an open-ended problem with more than one correct answer
  • Create a pattern
  • Generalize from given facts
  • Relate knowledge from several source
  • Draw conclusions
  • Make predictions
  • Translate knowledge into new context
  • Compare and discriminate between ideas
  • Assess value of methods, concepts, theories, processes, formulas
  • Make choices based on reasoned argument
  • Verify the value of evidence, information, number, data
  • Plan; prepare
  • Predict
  • Create; design
  • Ask "what if?" questions
  • Generalize
  • Justify; explain why; support; convince
  • Assess
  • Rank; grade
  • Test; judge
  • Recommend
  • Select
  • Conclude