# Using the State Curriculum: Mathematics, Grade 8

## State Curriculum Toolkit

Tools aligned to State Curriculum indicators and/or objectives.

• Clarification of Indicator and/or Objective
Explanation and/or examples of indicator and/or objective
• Sample Assessments
Items and annotated student responses as appropriate
• Public Release Items
Actual MSA items and annotated student responses as appropriate
 Algebra Geometry Measurement Statistics Probability Number Processes

## Standard 5.0 Knowledge of Probability

Students will use experimental methods or theoretical reasoning to determine probabilities to make predictions or solve problems about events whose outcomes involve random variation.

### Topic

A. Sample Space

#### Indicator

##### Objectives
1. Describe the difference between independent and dependent events
2. Determine the number of outcomes

### Topic

B. Theoretical Probability

#### Indicator

##### Objective
1. Express the probability of an event as a fraction, a decimal, or a percent

#### Indicator

• 2. Determine the probability of a second event that is dependent on a first event of equally likely outcomes
##### Objective
1. Express the probability as a fraction, a decimal, or a percent

### Topic

C. Experimental Probability

#### Indicator

##### Objective
1. Make predictions and express the probability of the results as a fraction, a decimal with no more than 2 decimal places, or a percent

#### Indicator

Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004