State Curriculum - Social Studies

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Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7
Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Standard 1.0 Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government A. The Foundations and Function of Government
1. Examine the early foundations, functions, and purposes of government
1. Examine the necessity and purpose of government in early world history
1. Analyze the characteristics and structure of various systems of government around the world
a. Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War
a. Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies
a. Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy
b. Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies
b. Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages
b. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of unlimited government, such as authoritarian and dictatorships
c. Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents
  c. Explain and demonstrate how nation-states interact with each other
d. Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings
  d. Using multi-perspectives, describe and trace how past events assisted or impeded the development of nations, such as the founding of Israel, the break up of the Soviet Union
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of our political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices in early world history that are the foundations of political systems
2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of political systems around the world
a. Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses
a. Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)
a. Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the UN Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid
b. Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation
b. Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies
 
c. Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
   
d. Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances
   
3. Analyze the roles of colonial government regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of institutions and governments in early world history regarding public policy and issues
3. Analyze the roles of governments around the world regarding public policy and issues
a. Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors
a. Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy
a. Evaluate the effectiveness of the various policies of governments in addressing issues, such as health, poverty, crime, security, and environmental concerns
b. Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763
b. Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade
b. Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear)
B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System B. Individual and Group Participation in the Political System
1. Analyze how individuals' roles and perspectives shape the American political system
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions in early world history
1. Analyze the methods used by individuals and groups to shape governmental policy and actions
a. Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington
a. Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
a. Compare methods used to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts
b. Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government
b. Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire
b. Evaluate ways citizens use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy
  c. Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy
c. Describe how political parties and special interest groups influence and change government policy, such as third parties, and non-governmental organizations
    d. Analyze the role of media and public opinion in shaping government policy and action
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the United States
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of early world history
2. Analyze the importance of civic participation as a citizen of the world
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions
a. Analyze the relevancy of sources and perspectives of information such as internet sites and online newspapers
b. Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering
b. Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations
b. Analyze the concept of a global citizen and how the awareness and responsibilities have changed during the information age
C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order C. Protecting Rights and Maintaining Order
1. Describe individual rights and responsibilities in the United States
1. Analyze the individual rights and responsibilities in an ancient world civilization
1. Examine the rights and responsibilities of being a citizen of the world
a. Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important
a. Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece
a. Justify the responsibilities associated with certain human rights in a global society such as a commitment to world peace and the elimination of poverty.
b. Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review
b. Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens
b. Explain how international rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good, such as the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, European Union membership, Geneva Conventions
2. Evaluate how the United States government protects the rights of individuals and groups
2. Evaluate how ancient governments around the world protected or failed to protect the rights of individuals and groups
2. Analyze how governments, organizations, and policies around the world protect or fail to protect the rights of individuals and groups
a. Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights
a. Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups
a. Analyze how the definition of the common good differs in limited and unlimited governments
b. Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security
b. Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states
b. Debate the need to balance between providing for the common good and how protecting individual rights differ in governments around the world
  c. Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs
c. Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization
3. Examine the principle of due process
a. Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights
   
 

 

MSDE has developed a toolkit for these standards which can be found online at: http://mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/vsc_toolkit.html.

 

Date: 6/20/2006