School Improvement in Maryland

Mathematics Grade PK State Curriculum

Document Date: June 2004
PK All Content Areas with WSS Alignment (Acrobat 335k)  
PK Fall Exemplars (Acrobat 341k)  
PK Spring Exemplars (Acrobat 331k)  
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The Pencil icon represents key indicators of the MMSR Prekindergarten Assessment.

Standard 1.0 Knowledge of Algebra, Patterns, and Functions

Students will algebraically represent, model, analyze, or solve mathematical or real-world problems involving patterns or functional relationships.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Patterns and Functions

Indicator

  • 2. Identify, copy, and extend non-numeric patterns
  • AssessedWSS III C2 Recognizes simple patterns and duplicates them.

Objectives

  1. Match patterns kinesthetically such as: clap/snap/clap...
  2. Recognize simple patterns
  3. Represent simple repeating patterns using no more than 2 different objects, and different actions in the core of the pattern
  4. Continue a simple pattern
  5. Create a simple pattern of 2 different objects when given the rule
  6. Identify patterns in real-world situations

Topic

B. Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities

Indicator

  • 2. Identify inequalities

Objective

  1. Explore relationships by comparing groups of no more than 5 objects to determine more or less


Standard 2.0 Knowledge of Geometry

Students will apply the properties of one-, two-, or three-dimensional geometric figures to describe, reason, or solve problems about shape, size, position, or motion of objects.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Plane Geometric Figures

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize and use the attributes of plane geometric figures
  • WSS III C1 Sorts objects into subgroups that vary by one or two attributes.
  • AssessedWSS III D1 Begins to recognize and describe the attributes of shapes.

Objectives

  1. Sort objects by one attribute such as: shape, color, and size
  2. Name the attributes of plane figures such as: shape, color, size
  3. Match triangles, circles, and squares
  4. Identify triangles, circles, and squares in the environment

Topic

B. Solid Geometric Figures

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize and use the attributes of solid geometric figures
  • AssessedWSS III D1 Begins to recognize and describe the attributes of shapes.

Objectives

  1. Sort objects by one attribute such as: size, shape, weight, length
  2. Find solid figures in the environment

Topic

E. Transformations

Indicator

  • WSS III D2 Shows understanding of and uses several positional words.

Objectives

  1. Tell position by using words such as: over, under, above, on, next to, below, beside, behind
  2. Recognize a slide using concrete materials


Standard 3.0 Knowledge of Measurement

Students will identify attributes, units, or systems of measurements or apply a variety of techniques, formulas, tools or technology for determining measurements.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Measurement Units

Indicator

  • 1. Recognize and use measurement attributes
  • WSS III E1 Orders, compares, and describes objects according to a single attribute.

Objectives

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of comparative attributes such as: bigger, smaller, longer, shorter, lighter, heavier, shorter, taller, hotter, colder
  2. Compare and describe objects according to a single attribute

Topic

B. Measurement Tools

Indicator

  • 1. Measure in non-standard units
  • WSS III E2 Participates in measuring activities.

Objectives

  1. Measure length of objects
  2. Explore the capacity of containers
  3. Explore the weight of objects


Standard 4.0 Knowledge of Statistics

Students will collect, organize, display, analyze, or interpret data to make decisions or predictions.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Data Displays

Indicator

  • 1. Explore and display data

Objectives

  1. Explore data by answering a yes/no question
  2. Display data on real graphs
  3. Display data on picture graphs

Topic

B. Data Analysis

Indicator

  • 1. Analyze data

Objective

  1. Talk about data from real graphs to answer a question such as: Which category has the most?


Standard 6.0 Knowledge of Number Relationships and Computation/Arithmetic

Students will describe, represent, or apply numbers or their relationships or will estimate or compute using mental strategies, paper/pencil or technology.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Knowledge of Number

Indicator

  • AssessedWSS III B1 Shows beginning understanding of number and quantity.

Objectives

  1. Build concept of number
  2. Show an understanding of quantity
  3. Construct relationships based on quantity
  4. Use classroom experiences to indicate same, more, or less
  5. Count and discuss quantity
  6. Use concrete materials to build sets 0 to 5
  7. Match a numeral to a set 0 to 5
  8. Count to 10
  9. Use ordinal words to indicate position such as: first, next, last


Standard 7.0 Processes of Mathematics

Students demonstrate the processes of mathematics by making connections and applying reasoning to solve problems and to communicate their findings.
For more Prekindergarten assessment information view the Fall Exemplars and Spring Exemplars .

Topic

A. Problem Solving

Indicator

  • 1. Apply a variety of concepts, processes, and skills to solve problems
  • AssessedWSS III A1 Begins to use simple strategies to solve mathematical problems.

Objectives

  1. Identify the question in the problem
  2. Decide if enough information is present to solve the problem
  3. Make a plan to solve a problem
  4. Apply a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
  5. Select a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation
  6. Identify alternative ways to solve a problem
  7. Show that a problem might have multiple solutions or no solution
  8. Extend the solution of a problem to a new problem situation

Topic

B. Reasoning

Indicator

  • 1. Justify ideas or solutions with mathematical concepts or proofs

Objectives

  1. Use inductive or deductive reasoning
  2. Make or test generalizations
  3. Support or refute mathematical statements or solutions
  4. Use methods of proof, i.e., direct, indirect, paragraph, or contradiction

Topic

C. Communication

Indicator

  • 1. Present mathematical ideas using words, symbols, visual displays, or technology
  • AssessedWSS III A1 Begins to use simple strategies to solve mathematical problems.

Objectives

  1. Use multiple representations to express concepts or solutions
  2. Express mathematical ideas orally
  3. Explain mathematically ideas in written form
  4. Express solutions using concrete materials
  5. Express solutions using pictorial, tabular, graphical, or algebraic methods
  6. Explain solutions in written form
  7. Ask questions about mathematical ideas or problems
  8. Give or use feedback to revise mathematical thinking

Topic

D. Connections

Indicator

  • 1. Relate or apply mathematics within the discipline, to other disciplines, and to life

Objectives

  1. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other mathematical concepts
  2. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to other disciplines
  3. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to life
  4. Use the relationship among mathematical concepts to learn other mathematical concepts


Note: Highlighted assessment limits will be tested in the no calculator section of MSA. In the assessment limit, (0-10) or (-10 to 10) means all numbers in the problem or the answer will fall within the range of 0 to 10 (including endpoints) or -10 to 10 (including endpoints), respectively. All content standards are tested in MSA but not all objectives. Objectives that have an assessment limit are tested on MSA. Objectives without an assessment limit are not tested on MSA.

June 2004