School Improvement in Maryland

Using the State Curriculum: Physical Education, High School

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Physical Education

State Curriculum TOOLKIT

Tools aligned to State Curriculum expectations.

  • Sample Assessments
    Items and annotated student responses as appropriate

Standard 4 Exercise Physiology

Students will demonstrate the ability to use scientific principles to design and participate in a regular, moderate to vigorous physical activity program that contributes to personal health and enhances cognitive and physical performance on a variety of academic, recreational, and life tasks.

Topic

A. Effects of Physical Activity on the Body

Indicator

1. Evaluate the effects of moderate to vigorous physical activity on the body systems.

Objectives

a. Defend a fitness plan using knowledge of the body systems and principles of overload, progression, specificity, regularity, and individuality.

Topic

B. FITT Guidelines

Indicator

1. Evaluate the components of the FITT guidelines to adjust levels of physical activity.

Objectives

a. Justify personal fitness goals based on fitness assessments.

b. Defend the use of components of the FITT guidelines in a personal fitness plan for consistency with fitness levels and goals.

Topic

C. Components of Fitness

Indicator

1. Evaluate the various components necessary to design a personal fitness plan.

Objectives

a. Assess the physiological benefits achieved through the implementation of a personal fitness plan.

b. Defend a personal fitness plan based on an assessment of the health-related fitness components and personal fitness goals.

c. Justify activities chosen to improve or maintain specific skill-related fitness components agility, balance, coordination, reaction time, speed, and power as part of a personal fitness plan.

Topic

D. Benefits of Physical Activity

Indicator

1. Justify the benefits of physical activity.

Objectives

a. Assess the benefits of physical activity as a motivating factor to positively affect exercise adherence.

b. Evaluate the value of physical activity for lifelong health and wellness.

Topic

E. Nutrition and Physical Activity

Indicator

1. Support the relationship between nutrition and physical activity.

Objectives

a. Design a personal nutrition log to correlate with current physical activity levels and nutritional needs.

b. Discuss causes and effects associated with eating disorders such as: anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating.

c. Compare popular diets in relationship to the "My Food Pyramid."

d. Compare various nutritional ergogenic aids and discriminate between the real and implied impacts on the body.

Topic

F. Exercise Adherence

Indicator

1. Evaluate the factors influencing daily physical activity.

Objectives

a. Assess the effectiveness of strategies for overcoming personal, environmental, and/or social factors affecting physical activity level and revise those strategies that have been ineffective.

b. Rate and prioritize personal motivating factors for adhering to a physically active lifestyle.

Topic

G. Media and Physical Activity

Indicator

1. Evaluate the impact of cultural and media perceptions on physical activity.

Objectives

a. Assess various marketing practices and strategies that influence consumer decisions on the selection of exercise equipment, programs, and health clubs.

b. Justify the benefits of current fitness trends.

c. Discriminate between fitness products and programs that are based on scientific principles and those that are not scientifically based.

d. Determine a set of criteria to evaluate the validity of personal fitness products.

e. Determine a set of criteria to evaluate health club facilities.

2009-05-27